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SWIFT's innovative leap: Integrating CBDCs into global banking


financial news

The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT), a prominent global bank messaging network, is in the advanced stages of developing a new platform, expected to launch in the next one to two years. This innovative platform aims to integrate a rising number of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) into the existing financial system. This project, as reported by Reuters, is a critical step for the emerging CBDC ecosystem, given SWIFT's integral role in global banking.


SWIFT's initiative is poised to be one of the most impactful developments in the nascent field of CBDCs. The timing of the platform's rollout is expected to align with the launch of the first major CBDCs. This strategy underscores SWIFT's commitment to maintaining its relevance and functionality in a financial landscape that is increasingly embracing digital currencies.


Currently, about 90% of the world's central banks are either researching or developing their own digital currencies. This shift is largely driven by the desire not to lag behind in the cryptocurrency revolution led by Bitcoin and other similar digital assets. These central banks are, however, facing intricate technological challenges in the development and implementation of digital currencies.



Nick Kerigan, the head of innovation at SWIFT, highlights the organization's recent significant trial. This six-month project involved 38 members, including central banks, commercial banks, and settlement platforms. It is one of the largest collaborations globally on the topic of CBDCs and tokenized assets. This endeavor marks a milestone in exploring the practical aspects of digital currencies in the global financial system.


The trial centered around ensuring that different CBDCs, even those built on diverse technological bases or protocols, could operate in harmony. This interoperability is essential to avoid the risk of fragmentation in global payment systems, which could otherwise arise due to the varying technologies used by different countries.


The trial also revealed the potential uses of CBDCs in intricate financial activities such as trade and foreign exchange payments. One of the significant findings was the potential for automation in these processes, which could lead to faster transactions and reduced costs, demonstrating the operational and economic benefits of CBDCs in the global financial landscape.



The trial was deemed a success by its participants, validating the feasibility of using existing banking infrastructure with CBDCs. This success has given SWIFT a clear timeline and roadmap to transition from experimental stages to actual product deployment, targeting a launch within the next 12 to 24 months.


The timeframe for SWIFT's platform launch could adjust depending on when major economy CBDCs are released. However, being prepared for these launches is crucial for SWIFT to maintain its dominant position in the global bank-to-bank communication network, ensuring its continued relevance in the evolving financial ecosystem.


Several countries, including the Bahamas, Nigeria, Jamaica, and China, are at various stages of implementing or experimenting with CBDCs. China is advancing with trials of its e-yuan, and the European Central Bank is developing a digital euro. In addition, the Bank for International Settlements is conducting several cross-border trials, indicating a broad and growing interest in digital currencies globally.



SWIFT's current network, which connects more than 11,500 banks and financial institutions across over 200 countries, is a substantial asset. This network is crucial for the daily transfer of trillions of dollars and gives SWIFT a significant advantage in integrating CBDCs into the global financial system.


Since 2022, SWIFT has gained significant public recognition, moving from being an entity known primarily within banking circles to becoming a household name. This change in status came about after SWIFT cut off most Russian banks from its network as part of Western sanctions in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. This action underscored the power and influence of SWIFT in the global banking infrastructure.


Kerigan notes that actions similar to the exclusion of Russian banks could still be a possibility in a new CBDC system. However, he expresses doubt that such measures would prevent countries from participating in the system, indicating the perceived importance and utility of being part of the global CBDC network.



The trial included central banks from countries like Germany, France, Australia, Singapore, the Czech Republic, and Thailand. It also involved major commercial banks such as HSBC, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, and others, as well as banks from China. The diversity of participants reflects the global interest and collaborative effort in the development of CBDCs.


The envisioned solution from SWIFT aims to scale up to offer banks a single global connection point for handling digital asset payments. This approach would eliminate the need for banks to establish thousands of individual connections with every counterparty, streamlining the process significantly. Such a system promises to simplify and unify the handling of digital currencies and assets across the global financial network.



In addition to the advancement of CBDCs, Kerigan draws attention to a prediction from Boston Consulting Group indicating that by 2030, assets worth around $16 trillion could be tokenized. Tokenization involves converting traditional assets like stocks and bonds into digital tokens that can be issued and traded in real time. This process represents a significant shift in how financial assets are handled and traded, offering increased efficiency and accessibility.


The goal for SWIFT is to create a system that can integrate any number of networks, thereby providing a scalable and efficient option for the financial industry. By leveraging its existing infrastructure and expanding its capabilities to include the handling of digital and tokenized assets, SWIFT aims to maintain its pivotal role in the financial industry amidst the shift towards digital currencies and assets. This forward-thinking approach underscores SWIFT's commitment to innovation and adaptation in a rapidly evolving financial landscape.


26.03.2024



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