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British Pound's comeback amid economic and policy changes

gbpusd analysis, forex trading

Last autumn, the British pound suffered a dramatic plunge, reaching an unprecedented low. This sharp decline was triggered by a strong adverse reaction from investors to the budgetary policies introduced by former Prime Minister Liz Truss. Despite this initial downturn, the currency has recently experienced a significant resurgence.

This recovery was particularly evident on a specific Tuesday when the pound achieved its highest valuation against the US dollar in the span of ten months, breaking past the $1.25 mark. This was a noteworthy event as it marked the first time the pound had reached this level since June of the previous year.

The pound's value has been on an upward trajectory since the onset of 2023, appreciating by approximately 3.3% against the dollar. This positive trend has established the pound as the leading performer in the realm of currencies from developed economies for the current year.

The resurgence of the pound can be attributed to several factors, most notably the indications that the economy of the United Kingdom is performing more robustly than previously expected.

Revisions to economic data revealed that the UK economy experienced a slight growth of 0.1% in the last quarter of the previous year, a revision from an initial estimate that indicated no growth.

Furthermore, the beginning of the year showed a positive turn with a 0.3% growth in gross domestic product, a notable rebound from a 0.5% decline witnessed in December.

The relative stability and resilience of the UK economy are prompting expectations that the Bank of England will persist with its strategy of aggressive interest rate increases, despite the prevailing concerns over the health of the global banking sector. Higher interest rates tend to be attractive to foreign investors who are in pursuit of better returns, and this, in turn, strengthens the domestic currency.

Moreover, the inflation rate in the United Kingdom escalated to an annual rate of 10.4% in February. This significant increase in inflation underscores the necessity for the Bank of England to continue with its firm stance on monetary policy.

The descent of the pound in September 2022 was notable, with its value tumbling close to $1.03. This fall was precipitated by the Truss government's policy announcements, which included plans for substantial borrowing coupled with significant tax cuts. These fiscal strategies incited panic within the financial markets and led to heightened fears of a potential recession within the United Kingdom.

Projections from the International Monetary Fund in January painted a grim picture for the UK economy, predicting a contraction of 0.6% over the course of the year. This forecast stood in stark contrast to the slight growth anticipated for other advanced economies.

Francesco Pesole, a strategist specializing in currencies at ING, reflected on the initial pessimism surrounding the pound. He observed that several factors, including a notable reduction in energy prices and the reopening of China's economy, have since brought some optimism regarding the economic outlook. This improvement has had a ripple effect, positively influencing both the UK and broader European economies.

Similarly, the euro has also benefited from these positive developments, experiencing a rise of 2.3% against the US dollar in 2023. The ascent of the pound was more dramatic, largely due to the more significant declines it suffered in 2022.

The fortunes of both the euro and the pound have been further aided by a marked decrease in the value of the US dollar, which had reached its peak in the previous September amidst mounting fears of a recession in the United States.

The dollar's recent limitations have been further exacerbated by the ambiguity surrounding the Federal Reserve's forthcoming monetary policy decisions. Investor speculation is on the rise, with many believing that the Federal Reserve might put a pause or completely stop its rate hiking trajectory, particularly in the wake of the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank.

Jordan Rochester, a currency strategist at Nomura, holds an optimistic view regarding the future trajectory of the pound, predicting that it could ascend to the $1.30 mark within the year and possibly climb even higher.

However, he cautions that there are still risks involved, particularly concerning the Bank of England's future policy directions and how the rate increases will reverberate through the UK's economy. Pesole adds a note of caution, pointing out that in a volatile market environment such as the current one, currency movements can often be exaggerated.

gbpusd forex analysis, forex trading
GBP/USD daily chart, MetaTrader, 10.03.2024



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